The abdomen located below the chest and above the pelvis, houses many of the major organs including the liver, gallbladder, stomach, pancreas, and both the large and small intestines. Conditions associated with this area can affect organ development, renal function, bladder capacity and function and bowel function.


Brain & Spinal Cord

The brain, along with the spinal cord, comprises the central nervous system. Conditions found in this area of the body can impact cognitive development, motor or sensory function and may even be life limiting.



Heart defects are among the most commonly diagnosed fetal conditions during pregnancy. They are often caused by malformations with the structure of the heart and frequently associated with other birth defects and genetic conditions.



In addition to the heart, the other organs contained within the chest include the lungs, esophagus, trachea and thoracic diaphragm. Diagnosed conditions in this area of the body can affect lung development, and increase the risk of respiratory problems for the infant after birth.


Face, Head & Neck

Considered one of the most common birth defects, facial deformities such as cleft lip or palate, can usually be corrected via surgery after birth. In some cases the malformation of the face may place the infant at risk for difficulty breathing upon delivery.



Women carrying multiple babies may potentially have a more complicated pregnancy than those carrying a singleton. There are a number of fetal conditions that can impact the development and outcome of one or multiple infants before, during or after delivery.


Reproductive & Urinary Systems

Abnormalities found in the reproductive organs or urinary tract system has the potential to impact the fetal development of other organs, such as the kidneys and bladder. While many conditions can be resolved with treatment, some cases face long-term risk of further illness, hospitalization and surgery.


Skeleton & Extremities

There are several conditions that are the result of abnormalities occurring during fetal development of bones or cartilage. Depending on the location and severity of the malformation, these conditions can affect the development of various organs, including the lungs and kidneys. Normally associated with other abnormalities and genetic conditions, additional testing is usually recommended.